The The Naturalist is a copyrighted periodical. We would like to draw your attention to the protection copyright affords against multiple photocopying by libraries, instructors, and copy centers. The 1976 copyright law provides that photocopies in excess of "fair use" copying cannot be made without authorization by the copyright owner "fair use" meaning single copying for personal use. Accordingly, the Journal authorizes personal or educational multiple copying only if a request is made in writing, and the fee of $.10 per page/per copy is paid directly to us. Each copy must include a notice of copyright. We shall turn over to the authors any substantial payments (over $30.00, an administrative fee) obtained from all photocopying. Inquiries about photocopying may be sent to the Managing Editor.It is the policy of the Journal to grant to any reputable publisher the right to reprint any of our articles, but only under the condition that the permission of the author is obtained. We ask that publishers interested in reprinting any Journal material send a request in writing to the Managing Editor. We request that photocopies of all correspondence relative to reprint requests be sent to the author in question; upon request, we will supply the contact information of the author in question for publishers. We ask all publishers for a royalty fee, currently $20.00 per Journal page, to be collected by us on behalf of the author, plus an administrative fee for the Journal, currently a flat $50.00 fee; these fees are subject to change. This rate is also flexible: we have supported authors who asked for more; we have lowered our fees for publishers who wished to publish in foreign languages and so had translations expenses, though only if authors have agreed to do so; and we have waived fees for other reasons at the request of the author. All royalty fees collected by the Journal for authors are forwarded as soon as possible.

Electronic Publishing

The Journal currently grants permission to publishers for the use of our copyrighted material in digital form on a case-by-case basis only. For use in electronic course packs, access to copyrighted materials should be password-protected and limited to currently enrolled students.

To Our Authors, Concerning Copyright

In accepting your manuscript for publication, we wish to acquaint you with our copyright policies and to enlist your cooperation. Copyright protects you from plagiarism and pirating, and ensures that your text cannot be altered without your consent. Copyright also allows you or your publisher to offset expenses in publishing your work by means of royalties.In order to have full copyright protection, your work must be registered with the Copyright Office of the Library of Congress. Unless you transfer the copyright of your work in writing to your publisher, which in this case is The Naturalist, the law requires that you file for registration in your own name (and pay the required fee). Transferring the copyright to us allows us to register a blank copyright with the Copyright Office on behalf of all parties involved, exactly as publishers have been doing for many years. As the copyright holder, we will protect the copyright of your work, collect royalty payments for you as indicated above, and keep records of these payments. Accordingly, we ask that you sign a copyright transfer agreement and return it to us upon acceptance of your material.You are of course permitted to reprint your own article at no fee; but we ask that you give us notice of any direct negotiations with publishers regarding the reprinting of an article of yours on which we hold copyright. You are also allowed to post an electronic version of your article on your personal website as long as the Journal copyright is acknowledged; such use does not extend, however, to permission for the host site (such as a university server) to repackage any Journal copyrighted material with other electronic content for whatever reason — educational, commercial, or otherwise. As mentioned above, we are currently studying the issues raised by electronic distribution and such policies are subject to change.If you have any questions about our copyright policy, we will be glad to answer them.